The archaeological findings in the terrestrial and marine area of the island, such as statuettes, marble pillars, pottery, Byzantine churches testify to the existence of cultural and other activities on the island since ancient times. Few written monuments preserved and are derived from reports dioiikitikon and religious factors mainly of Naxos and the monastery of Panagia Hozoviotissa of Amorgos. Folk stories and names help the researcher to record the history of the island.
Recent excavations on the island revealed the existence of settlements, both in the Hellenistic period and during the early Christian period and beyond. It was indeed the existence of the Acropolis in the interpretation of archaeologists was used for the transmission of messages from island to island. During the Byzantine period, presented a rich commercial activity as evidenced by the abundant ceramic finds and the number of destroyed Byzantine churches. At various times the island was abandoned by its inhabitants, because of the frequent pirate raids and place of residence was probably pirates. Even today, parts of the island have names like pirates beach Liolios, Bazeos Maniatis pirate cave, etc. From the late 11th century the island belonged to the monastery of Panagia Hozoviotissa Amorgos. Later he joined the Duchy of the Aegean ruler Marco Sanudo. In 1537, after the conquest of Naxos by Barbarossa, the island belongs to the Ottoman Empire. Schinoussa was abandoned during the years of Ottoman rule and became inhabited again around 1833 to 1840 as the basis with families coming from Amorgos. Newcomers to the island are starting their business in the mid-19th century. Organized zefoun most cattle and tilling the land, sow barley, wheat, and even smoke, and production is growing increasingly. Zealous in dealing with crops that benefit from good conditions, producing everything, all kinds of vegetables, beans and legumes in general. So painstaking work these first inhabitants remained, rooted in the island population and evolved until the economic downturn mainly by stopping the cultivation of tobacco brought the first wave of migration to America, Canada, Australia, Germany etc. So as we reach the decade 1940-1950, when it started because of World War II contraction. From 1941 to 1944 Schoinousa followed the fate of the Cyclades, passing the Italian occupation (1941-1943) and then in German, until the liberation of to1944.
After the war and during the twenty years 1950-1970 came overturn these activities without anyone touched by those who had. The complete indifference, lack of care and any design or program by the administration and the need to ensure a better future for the family, forced many residents to leave the island and move to large urban centers, mainly in Athens and abroad, America and Canada to secure permanent and secure employment. Despite the adverse conditions, however, residents who remained in the islands develop trade relations with the surrounding islands, founded a school for their children and temples for their religious needs. The infrastructure development such as improving transport conditions, the expansion of water supply, improvement of port facilities and roads, creating dump, the helipad, the desalination plant and the private sector, allowed the development of tourism. Creating High School has been very beneficial and contributed much to stay and return of young families on the island. Today, unlike other islands, Schoinousiotes continue to engage in fishing, farming and little agriculture and beekeeping, while tourism and construction are holding the reigns of the economy. The Schoinousiotes distinguished and traditional musical and artistic activities. There are plenty of musicians and singers protoklasaton and cultural center has remarkable dance groups.
Official celebrations are the Annunciation, the Assumption of the Virgin and the Virgin Mary when traditional festivals.